The Infamous

Lakshya AR

Nursing: A field of Greater career prospect.

In order to change the medical system to meet the requirements of safe, high quality, affordable care, it is necessary to fundamentally rethink the role of many health care workers including nurses. Affordable Care Act in 2010 has expressed the most extensive review of medical care since the creation of the Medicare and Medicaid program in 1965 but as a result the nurse fully participates in the evolution in the medical system. This applies to nurses of all levels, whether or not nurses are practicing at schools, communities, public health centers, nursing care facilities and so on. Various cultural,historical,regulatory and policy barriers limit their ability to contribute to widespread meaningful changes.

As part of that report, the future of nursing: the leaders of change, health promotion committee considered all obstacles encountered by nurses who play a new role in medical transformation in the United States. While the challenge faces nurses at all levels, the committee is particularly interested in the legal barriers of many states that pre-practice registered nurse (APRN) prohibits practicing full education and training did. The Committee determined that such constraints must be removed in order for the nurse to bear the responsibility to take in this time of great need.

Nurses do a number of tasks, from providing basic medical care to surgeons supporting advanced and important procedures. Nurse education is a theoretical and practical training provided to nurses and is intended to carry out duties as a nursing care professional. The education is given to the aspirants by experienced faculties and other medical professionals who got good experience in the educational work.

Over the past few decades, changes in education concentrated more realistically, but often replaced traditional preparatory training structures that are ritual. Education of nurses today integrates broad consciousness to other academic disciplines related to medicine and in many cases requires education among experts and requires research on clinical and managerial decision making Utilization is included. While it can be argued that orthodox training provides a more intense practical skill base, emphasis is placed on relationships with doctors. This is now obsolete and the impact of nurse education is to nurture graduates who ask confidently to contribute equally to the care team. In some countries, all qualifying courses are not graduate students.

A changing health care system :

In the 21st century, the health challenges facing the state have changed drastically. As care providers discover new ways to provide patient-centered care, health care systems are undergoing major changes. In contrast to special care, it provides more primary care. It is to provide more care in the community rather than setting up acute care. Nurses are no doubt ready to meet these needs thanks to the education provided by the best nursing college in indore further increasing their adaptive abilities.

As the healthcare system expanded over the past 40 years, nursing education and roles, in particular, have evolved so that nurses enter a workplace where they can provide more services than before. Nurses has been educated and trained more, but some doctors are trying to expand the practice range of nurses. The Committee emphasized that the nurses are highly trained, skilled and that some services should be clearly provided by a wider and more professional education and institutions.

However, because of the need for more affordable healthcare, nurses plays a greater role in healthcare systems in both care provision and care decisions.

They work throughout health care in order to prevent or limit disabilities, from health promotion and disease prevention to early diagnosis. Nurses sometimes provides services that cooperate with physicians, such as assessing the condition of patients, ordering and evaluating tests, but in other areas such as social work, nutrition, physical therapy etc. Service is also incorporated.

Link Building – Great Technique For a Better Ranking

Most of us realize that buy links is probably the things that must definitely be done. Since Google studies the links which point to your posts critically, it is also vitally important that every marketer focuses on learning solid methods for building the very best quality links possible. Unfortunately, it also looks like many of us fall into a routine using our link-building efforts. Should this be your needs, there are a variety of things that can be done to help you out of your content creation and submission rut or forum commenting wall.

In case you have simply use up all your suggestions for your link-building campaigns, consider doing some research. Looking at the link profiles of your own competition can be extremely instructive. Using tools like Majestic SEO and Link Explorer may be great strategies for going concerning this.

Building tiered links can be an excellent strategy. Try taking a little of your already existing links and make links in their mind. This helps to bolster the impact of your respective first tier, or primary, links and ought to allow you to get a little bit more online search engine juice.

Center on some deep linking. Many marketers only look like focused on linking to page 1 or a pair of their sites. Instead, try focusing on building a minimum of a couple of links to pages which can be deeper to your site. This can help to enhance the chances of having more of the pages and posts rank well in the various search engines.

Everyone dreams of having content that goes viral. But rather than just dreaming relating to this, why not actually require a critical take a look at content which actually has gone viral? Try to break it down and isolate the standards that made it go viral. Then apply these lessons and factors to the own campaigns, in an attempt to aid in increasing the quantity of inbound links which you earn.

Consider repurposing your articles. Take something that you have published and after that transform it into multiple formats. As an example, consider taking your article and making it a pdf file after which maybe adapt it into a video or perhaps an audio interview. Not simply are these great ways to increase audience engagement, but it additionally will make it quicker to continue developing content.

Among the first things you need to do is fixing and cleaning up your internal links. Make certain that every post or page you possess features a connect to a minimum of one other page on the site. It is sensible to care for putting your very own house as a way before attempting additional linking strategies.

Look for 404 pages within your own site. Obviously, you never require a visitor to utilize an inbound link which points into a page that is not in your site. To prevent this, you must discover links that happen to be pointing to non-existent pages and after that use some redirects to send targeted traffic to a current (and related) page.

Curating content can also be a wonderful way to link building. This simply involves finding other valuable content and posting it on your site, as well as your thoughts or explanations. Obviously, make sure to give credit towards the original source. Should you do this properly, it will probably be an excellent way to provide excellent content to your visitors along with garnering plenty of backlinks.

Any marketer stuck inside a link building rut could be well advised to use these ideas. Just mastering a few of them can help maintain your site continuing to move forward, developing new links and rising up through the search engine rankings while adding some good content to your visitors.

If you’re seeking a short-cut, you might want to take training from the best Digital Marketing Institute Indore for going out and learning the best linking techniques.

A Collection of Great Books about Computers, Technology, and the Internet

I've read them all, and would without hesitation recommend them on to anybody else with even a passing interest in the history of the internet, or software development in general.

Where Wizards Stay Up Late by Katie Hafner

In the 1960s, when computers were regarded as giant calculators, J.C.R. Licklider at MIT saw them as the ultimate communication device. With Defence Department funds, he and a band of computer whizzes began work on a nationwide network of computers. This is an account of their daring adventure.

What Just Happened by James Gleick

For the past decade change seemed to happen over night, every night. Fueled by the exponential rise of technology, the digital revolution was difficult for many to make sense of, but James Gleick watched and analyzed, criticized and commended, participated in and prophesized about the instantaneous transformations of the world as we knew it.

Hackers by Steven Levy

This 25th anniversary edition of Steven Levy's classic book traces the exploits of the computer revolution's original hackers -- those brilliant and eccentric nerds from the late 1950s through the early '80s who took risks, bent the rules, and pushed the world in a radical new direction. With updated material from noteworthy hackers such as Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Richard Stallman, and Steve Wozniak, Hackers is a fascinating story that begins in early computer research labs and leads to the first home computers.

The Mythical Man Month by Frederick P. Brooks Jr.

Few books on software project management have been as influential and timeless as The Mythical Man-Month. With a blend of software engineering facts and thought-provoking opinions, Fred Brooks offers insight for anyone managing complex projects. These essays draw from his experience as project manager for the IBM System/360 computer family and then for OS/360, its massive software system. Now, 20 years after the initial publication of his book, Brooks has revisited his original ideas and added new thoughts and advice, both for readers already familiar with his work and for readers discovering it for the first time.

Weaving the Web by Tim Berners Lee

Given the way the Web has become the dominant communications technology of our time, one could argue that Berners-Lee is the guy who invented the future. Yet up to now he has remained reticent about how he did it. Weaving the Web is therefore the definitive account of how the World Wide Web came to be. No one else could have written this book--the history of the Web straight from the source.

Accidental Empires by Robert X. Cringely

Robert X. Cringely manages to capture the contradictions and everyday insanity of computer industry empire building, while at the same time chipping away sardonically at the PR campaigns that have built up some very common business people into the household gods of geekdom. Despite some chuckles at the expense of all things nerdy, white and male in the computer industry, Cringely somehow manages to balance the humour with a genuine appreciation of both the technical and strategic accomplishments of these industry luminaries. Whether you're a hard-boiled Silicon Valley marketing exec fishing for an IPO or just a plain old reader with an interest in business history and anecdotal storytelling, there's something to enjoy here.

iWoz by Steve Wozniak and Gina Smith

Wozniak's life - before and after Apple - is a "home-brew" mix of brilliant discovery and adventure, as an engineer, a concert promoter, a fifth-grade teacher, a philanthropist, and an irrepressible prankster. From the invention of the first personal computer to the rise of Apple as an industry giant, iWoz presents a no-holds-barred, rollicking, firsthand account of the humanist inventor who ignited the computer revolution.

The Cathedral and the Bazaar by Eric S. Raymond

The Cathedral and the Bazaar takes its title from an essay of the same name which Raymond read at the 1997 Linux Congress and that was previously available only online. The essay documents Raymond's acquisition, re-creation and numerous revisions of an email utility known as fetchmail. Raymond engagingly narrates the fetchmail development process while at the same time elaborating upon the on- going bazaar development method he employs with the assistance of numerous volunteer programmers who participate in the writing and debugging of the code. The essay smartly spares the reader from the technical morass that could easily detract from the text's goal of demonstrating the efficacy of the Open Source, or bazaar, method in creating robust, usable software.

Burn Rate by Michael Wolff

Michael Wolff was a journalist and writer; in 1998 he is a journalist and writer again. But in the first half of the '90s he was an Internet entrepreneur, Chairman and CEO of Wolff New Media. This is Wolff's story. BURN RATE is hugely informative about the world of the net and the web, search engines, closed systems, online pornography; it is also incredibly funny. As readable as a novel, BURN RATE is an all too human story of one man, at first idealistic and naive, then corrupted and increasingly cynical, and eventually burned out and tired, and of a world that bears as much resemblance to the school playground (not least in the age of it's major players) as it does to the world of conventional businesses. If there is one book which tells us about what is going on in the complex and confusing struggle for the future of the Internet or the digital marketing industry it is this one.

A Brief History of the Future by John Naughton

The Internet is the most remarkable thing human beings have built since the Pyramids. John Naughton's book intersperses wonderful personal stories with an authoritative account of where the Net actually came from, who invented it and why, and where it might be taking us. Most of us have no idea of how the Internet works or who created it. Even fewer have any idea of what it means for society and the future. In a cynical age, John Naughton has not lost his capacity for wonder. He examines the nature of his own enthusiasm for technology and traces its roots in his lonely childhood and in his relationship with his father. A Brief History of the Future is an intensely personal celebration of vision and altruism, ingenuity and determination and above all, of the power of ideas, passionately felt, to change the world.

Deeper by John Seabrook

Although the author of this journey in cyberspace hardly ever goes anywhere - he just sits in front of his computer - his story is full of travel and incident. Readers meet Bill Gates and other major people in the industry via e-mail, join a virtual community to find out what daily life is like, adapt to the World Wide Web, and build a Web site. The voice of the book is at times comic, at others rueful, wanting to believe in the good thing s about the Net but sceptical of the hype, trying to account for the engrossing nature of this new frontier.

Microserfs by Douglas Coupland

Microserfs is not about Microsoft--it's about programmers who are searching for lives. A hilarious but frighteningly real look at geek life in the nineties, Coupland's book manifests a peculiar sense of how technology affects the human race and how it will continue to affect all of us. Microserfs is the hilarious journal of Dan, an ex-Microsoft programmer who, with his coder comrades, is on a quest to find purpose in life. This isn't just fodder for techies. The thoughts and fears of the not-so-stereotypical characters are easy for any of us to relate to, and their witty conversations and quirky view of the world make this a surprisingly thought-provoking book.

The Soul of a New Machine by Tracy Kidder

Computers have changed since 1981, when Tracy Kidder memorably recorded the drama, comedy, and excitement of one company’s efforts to bring a new microcomputer to market. What has not changed is the feverish pace of the high-tech industry, the go-for-broke approach to business that has caused so many computer companies to win big (or go belly up), and the cult of pursuing mind-bending technological innovations. The Soul of a New Machine is an essential chapter in the history of the machine that revolutionized the world in the twentieth century.

Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson

Based on more than forty interviews with Steve Jobs conducted over two years — as well as interviews with more than a hundred family members, friends, adversaries, competitors, and colleagues — this is the acclaimed, internationally bestselling biography of the ultimate icon of inventiveness. Jobs speaks candidly, sometimes brutally so, about the people he worked with and competed against. His friends, foes, and colleagues provide an unvarnished view of the passions, perfectionism, obsessions, artistry, devilry, and compulsion for control that shaped his approach to business and the innovative products that resulted.

The Innovators by Walter Isaacson

What talents allowed certain inventors and entrepreneurs to turn their disruptive ideas into realities? What led to their creative leaps? Why did some succeed and others fail? In his exciting saga, Isaacson begins with Ada Lovelace, Lord Byron’s daughter, who pioneered computer programming in the 1840s. He then explores the fascinating personalities that created our current digital revolution, such as Vannevar Bush, Alan Turing, John von Neumann, J.C.R. Licklider, Doug Engelbart, Robert Noyce, Bill Gates, Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs, Tim Berners-Lee and Larry Page.

First World Problems

At the moment I seem to be caught in a battle for the heart and mind of my organised self. The protagonists are the phone, a collection of various internet services, and the Filofax. I suppose this could be whittled down to “gadget vs. web vs. paper".

The phone could be great – if only the battery lasted forever, internet connections were ubiquitous, and I didn’t have to wage a continual (and losing) war with autocomplete.

The internet (Google Keep, Dropbox, Evernote, Google Drive, etc) is of course by far the most persuasive option, but is useless without easy access. It’s fine carrying a Chromebook around, but if you have no internet connection it’s kind of like knowing you have an aircraft carrier on-call, but have lost the phone number.

The paper alternative is the most reliable option, and also the most disorganized. Unless you write everything in pencil and fill your pockets with erasers, your plans cannot be changed without making an enormous mess. My plans change. A lot.

There is no easy solution. Each one has both benefits and failings. The eccentric part of me says the Filofax is the best solution – perhaps from a damn fool romantic paper and pen perspective. The technologist in me knows damn well the internet and the phone are the winners – except of course the moment you need them, they will fall over like a stack of cards.

What do you use to stay organised? Paper? The computer? Your phone? Something else?

Opening a Can of Worms

Somebody I have known for quite some time, and respect enormously has requested repeatedly for me to expand on some of the subjects I typically try to avoid in the blog - specifically faith, religion, and everything that surrounds them.

My friends always seem to be fascinated with my lack of belief in any of the organised religions, and question the roots of my personal opposition to them. It's worth pointing out before I start that I would never publicly call out somebody else's faith. Sure, I might have a thought or two privately, and I might stop listening as soon as anybody starts quoting chapter and verse, but I would never challenge their personal ideals, because they obviously have their reasons to believe what they do, and who am I to try and stop them if they are doing no harm ?

So why don't I believe in any of it ?

I tend to agree with the question Richard Dawkins forced a student to confront when she called him out on stage and asked him "what if you're wrong?" - he explained that what she happened to believe in was an accident of the location and epoch of her birth. If she had been born either into another culture, or at another period in history, she would quite possibly have had very different beliefs. He asked her in return, what if she was wrong ?

I was brought up at a predominantly Christian infant school in the 1970s. I can still remember a hall full of fresh faced children singing "Onward Christian Soldiers, Marching us to War". It's depressing really. I think that particular song was banned at some point.

It's not just the dogma, the songs, and the parables though - it's the idiocy of the timelines in the "Old Testament", the books that were removed (Enoch is actually really interesting - the UFO brigade would have a field day with it), and the behavior of many organised religions in setting out rules, and praying on the most psychologically vulnerable.

Quite how so many supposedly objective, educated, rational people cannot take a step back and begin to question at least a little of the doctrine they are encouraged to take on faith has always been stunning to me. I'm not sure if it's due to apathy, laziness, or a bit of both.

Just to illustrate the point, even within the "Christian" faith there are many different churches, interpreting different versions of the King James Bible in different ways - it's utter madness. Also, is the Judeo Christian God a different one than the Islamic God? How about the Buddhist, Greek, or Roman Gods? I suppose you have to give the Romans some credit though - they cynically absorbed any religion they came across - winning hearts and minds to appease without conflict.

In modern history, it's interesting to read about the life of Gideon Mantell.

Gideon Mantell worked in Sussex in the 1820s. His hobby was geology, and following the discoveries of Mary Anning on the south coast (she of "She Sells Sea Shells on the Sea Shore" fame), he is widely credited with identifying the first Dinosaur fossils - we now know he had found the fossilised remains of the creature now known as "Iguanodon". Senior figures in the Anglican Church of the time worked for years to discredit him. The efforts began at the Royal Society, and continued until as recently as 10 years ago, when a plate bearing his name finally moved from a side gallery of the Museum of Natural History, to the main Dinosaur exhibit. It's also worth noting that at the same time a statue of Charles Darwin was finally moved from a dusty corner of a cafe to pride of place looking over the main hall.

The more stories you read, the more you wonder how society has managed to progress. That the likes of Ken Ham can convince so many people to listen to their ill conceived ideas about the nature of the world makes you wonder why we bother to educate children at all - or perhaps the existence of such people is why we must educate future generations.

Software Development Methodologies

Given the amount of hoodoo, fear, uncertainty and outright rubbish written about the various ideas, I thought it might be timely to write a post outlining what each one really means — both for my own reference, and my own sanity — if this is of any use to you, that’s a bonus.

What is a development methodology?

Broadly speaking, it’s the description of an approach to building software — the reason to have the description in the first place would be to get a team of developers to work in a similar manner to each other — so team leaders have a clue what’s going on.

So what are the various well known methodologies?


The waterfall model is a sequential development process, in which development is seen as flowing steadily downwards (remarkably like a waterfall, funnily enough) through “Conception", “Initiation", “Analysis", “Design", “Validation", “Construction", “Testing" and “Support". The process is followed with rigour, and loved by pedantic team leaders who like to make spreadsheets, tick boxes, and spend time playing with Gantt charts. It’s incredibly expensive to do, and customers both love it and hate it. They love it because it can be run on a fixed price, but they hate it because a simple calculator application ends up costing as much as the Space Shuttle.

Iterative and Incremental

Iterative and Incremental development is a cyclic software development process developed in response to the weaknesses of the waterfall model. It starts with an initial planning and ends with deployment with the cyclic interaction in between. So, essentially, this is Waterfall where we admit that waterfall is idiotic, and we agree to go round and round in circles, until we’ve spent just as much time, effort and money as Waterfall. I guess brakes can be applied in the form of somebody in the middle of the mayhem who continually asks “is this good enough — will it do?". Iterative development is often tied to the “Rational, Unified Process" — another meaningless description heard often, but understood by nobody.

Rapid Application Development

Rapid application development is a structured technique where early designs are turned immediately into prototypes, which are then iteratively evaluated, refined, redeveloped, ad nauseum until the finished product is produced. “RAD" was invented to combat the main problem of Waterfall based development methodologies — by the time anything got built, the requirements had changed — and by the time the redeveloped solution re-appeared, the requirements had changed again. Rapid application development became very fashionable in the mid 1990s with the advent of visual design tools such as Visual Basic and Delphi that allowed fast interface development. It also caused some of the worst spaghetti code in the known universe due to nobody paying their “code tax" and inviting developers to go back and clean up after requirements change.

Agile Development

If you are a fellow developer, you were expecting this one to be in the list — probably because it’s the fashion of the moment, and all managers in the known universe think Agile sounds cool when talking to clients. I expect they stand in a “ready for action" fake karate pose when they say it. In reality, the “Agile" label covers a swathe of similar methodologies — the Wikipedia description reads as follows;

Agile methodologies generally promote a project management process that encourages frequent inspection and adaptation, a leadership philosophy that encourages teamwork, self-organization and accountability, a set of engineering best practices that allow for rapid delivery of high-quality software, and a business approach that aligns development with customer needs and company goals.

Phew! So it sounds like it will save the known universe — and it’s growing popularity has resulted in more being written about it than any other method — meaning basically that Managers can now have big fat books about it on their shelves, and communicate in pure acronym when discussing project plans. In reality, all Agile really means is that you will communicate, you will try to make things work, you will be trusted (!?), and you will not blow a gasket when requirements change.

Extreme Programming

Quite unlike extreme ironing, extreme programming does not involve carting a laptop into the middle of a busy road to write some code. It is however similar in taking ideas from several flavours of Agile development, and constructing a set of “ideals", or “expected behaviours" around them. I can only imagine the anal, ivory towered developers that dreamed up Extreme Programming as a methodology — whereas most of us might well follow a lot of the ideas anyway, there is a strict swathe of rules, behaviours, and guidelines that you can follow if you really want to be an extreme programmer. I’m guessing the people who like working this way also have 20 sided dice in their desk drawer. I’m being cruel, aren’t I. One of the ideas within Extreme Programming that I really like is working together so that one of you programs while the other thinks. Can you imagine — sit there, with your feet up, sipping coffee and spouting lofty ideas at somebody all day?

In summary…

I’m guessing this blog post is going to generate it’s fair share of laughter, snorts of derision, outright anger, incensed murmurs of “he didn’t get it", and various other rumblings of discontent.

It’s worth remembering that 99% of development teams use elements of all the methodologies that have been written about in the text books. It’s also worth noting that all attempts to build software in a faster, more efficient, more responsive manner are eventually defeated by millions of words being written about them in textbooks, and managers applying so much structure, measurement and review that you may as well call them all Waterfall and have done with it.

The Software Developers Bookshelf

What books does a real software developer have on their bookshelf? I thought it might be interesting to cast a glance over my shoulder at the bookshelves, and list some of the more noteable books that sit covered in varying amounts of dust.

It's worth pointing out that no books have been bought in a very long time - therefore those that do exist have earned their place through various culls that have happened over the years. The books that remain have not been given away, sold, or lost. Being brutally honest, I can't remember the last time I even saw a technical book in a store, let alone picked one up and leafed through it.

Technical Books

  • The C++ Programming Language, by Bjarn Stroustup (Addison Wesley)
  • Peter Norton's Complete Guide to Linux (SAMS)
  • Running Linux (O'Reilly)
  • Joy of C
  • Programming PHP (O'Reilly)
  • CGI Programming with Perl (O'Reilly)
  • Programming Perl (O'Reilly)
  • Mastering Joomla 1.5 (PACKT)
  • SQL in a Nutshell (O'Reilly)
  • Linux Complete (Sybex)

Of the above books, by far the most thumbed, and perhaps most useful was "SQL in a Nutshell", which differs from most of the other technical books I have ever used - it gives all common TSQL database instructions, with worked variations for each of the leading systems (Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, and MySQL being the most obvious).

Apart from the huge (and brilliant) C++ book by Stroustrup, all the other books suffer from the same problem - at least for me - they serve as a leg-up, but you quickly outrun the knowledge held in the book, and resort to hacking (in it's true sense), or googling.

I don't just have technical books though...

Non Technical Books

  • The Cathedral and the Bazaar
  • Where Wizards Stay Up Late
  • A Brief History of the Future
  • The Order of Things
  • Darwin Among the Machines
  • Microserfs
  • The Music of the Primes
  • The Dilbert Principle
  • Burn Rate
  • Accidental Empires
  • Deeper
  • Hackers

All of the above books are wonderful - without exception. A particular favourite would have to be "Accidental Empires" by Robert X Cringely - a pseudonym given to a number of writers over the years within Silicon Valley (not a lot of people know that, either), although there really is a "real" person - and he's the author of the book. It tells a lot about the inside stories from HP, Apple and Microsoft during the early years of the personal computer revolution.

Hackers is perhaps the most famous book on the list - and again recounts the early years of personal computer history - from the railroad club at MIT, through the various PDP mainframes, Richard Stallman, Gnu Linux, the development of the internet, Wozniak and Jobs building the first Apple computers, and the emergency of Microsoft.

There are of course more books behind me than appear on the lists above - but you don't really want to hear about "The Time of Our Time" by Normal Mailer... or do you?.

I guess the point I am making is that professional developers - good ones - are not entirely focussed on software development. We are interested in where we came from, where we are going, and the human story - the journey - the wider view.